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Shakira shows her inner rocker to Trevor Noah on 'Carpool Karaoke'

CNN - 1 hour 15 min ago
Trevor Noah and Shakira are two rocking peas in a moving pod in this week's "Carpool Karaoke: The Series."

Sean Spicer says he 'absolutely' regrets crowd-size briefing

Washington Post - 1 hour 16 min ago
Spicer said he “absolutely” regrets his comments about the crowd size at Trump's inauguration.

Trump’s Lawyer Says Rumors About Russia Undercut the President

NY Times - 1 hour 16 min ago
The rush to presume guilt, Michael D. Cohen said, diverted attention from a pressing national security threat: Russia’s election meddling.

Maria packs a Category 5 punch as it heads toward Puerto Rico

CNN - 1 hour 28 min ago
Hurricane Maria, making its first landfall as a Category 5 storm, has blasted Dominica with "widespread devastation," according to the prime minister of the Caribbean island nation.

Lady Gaga manages image in Netflix's 'Five Foot Two'

CNN - 1 hour 30 min ago
Backstage looks at celebrities are fraught with peril -- especially one as aware of the image she creates and projects as Lady Gaga. That's why a feature-length Netflix documentary devoted to a year in her life, "Gaga: Five Foot Two," never quite feels as spontaneous or illuminating as the access would suggest, unless you're totally gaga about Gaga.

It's all coming down to Lisa Murkowski -- again

CNN - 1 hour 30 min ago
Sen. Lisa Murkowski could determine the fate of the Republican Party's last-ditch effort to repeal Obamacare.

These are the supporters Trump is losing

CNN - 1 hour 40 min ago
The focus on whether President Donald Trump's political base is splintering may be missing an even more important crack in his foundation.

Health gains after 65 mostly go to certain groups

Futurity.org - 1 hour 44 min ago

Older Americans report feeling dramatically healthier than they did 14 years ago but that good health isn’t evenly distributed, with much of the gain going to the wealthiest, most highly educated, and whites.

The findings suggest a growing gap in health disparities between high-income, educated white people age 65 and older and those who don’t have the same advantages.

And lack of access to health care can’t explain the disparities, because presumably all seniors—regardless of income—have access to medical treatment through Medicare.

Overall, the number of older adults who reported good health increased 14 percent over the 2000-2014 study period. That bit of good news isn’t really a surprise, says lead author Matthew Davis, assistant professor in the University of Michigan School of Nursing.

But, Davis says he was “amazed” at the clear health disparities according to race, education, and income after adjusting for changes in age and sex. Further, the disparities clearly increased from 2000 to 2014.

“The widening health disparities is particularly striking because older Americans have access to health care,” Davis says. “Policies have to extend beyond just getting people access to health care to get at what’s driving disparities. The lack of improvement in health among all groups could imply that public health initiatives are leaving some people behind.”

Historically, researchers have focused on sick people (say, the proportion of disabled older adults) to measure changes in health over time. The new study, published in JAMA Internal Medicine, took a different approach, looking instead at healthy people.

The approach isn’t necessarily more comprehensive, Davis, says, just a different measuring stick that and provides a new perspective.

“Prior to our work, little was known about healthy older adults, those people at the opposite end of the spectrum,” he says. “Our argument is that using poor health as a measure of population health is analogous to making conclusions about the economy based only on the poverty rate.”

Healthy stem cells may keep aging muscles young

Researchers used data from 55,000 older adults in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey and who reported their health twice during the year. When health trends were broken down by education, race, and income, the widest disparities occurred when comparing educational attainment.

Older adults with graduate degrees saw the greatest health gains, with 56 more healthy people per thousand by the end of the study, whereas the diploma group remained flat over time.

Whites were more likely than blacks or Hispanics to report being healthy, and that rate increased over time from 442 per 1,000 to 533 per 1,000. The rate of good health for blacks and Hispanics remained flat, but there was an uptick in the rate of good health for other race/ethnicities.

The high-income group reported the most health, and increased steadily from 490 per 1,000 to 603 per 1,000 Overall, 52 percent of healthy older adults were from high-income families, compared to 31 percent among the not-healthy group.

Researchers and policymakers are very interested in tracking the health of older Americans, Davis says. Americans are aging, baby boomers are retiring, and older adults are expensive to care for–by 2050 the population of older adults is expected to nearly double, from 45 million to 84 million, and account for nearly a quarter of the US population.

The study has some limitations: Answers were self-reported, and the study only included people in the community, meaning it didn’t account for people in nursing homes or otherwise institutionalized. Also, there could be changing trends over time in how people perceive health, so “excellent health” as defined by someone in 2000 could mean something different in 2014.

Source: University of Michigan

The post Health gains after 65 mostly go to certain groups appeared first on Futurity.

Fluoride exposure linked to lower IQ in kids, study says

CNN - 1 hour 44 min ago
Increased levels of prenatal fluoride exposure may be associated with lower cognitive function in children, a new study says.

7 ways to ease asthma naturally

CNN - 1 hour 46 min ago

Who Spun it Best: Former White House staffers fight for influence

Washington Post - 1 hour 46 min ago
Former high-profile White House staffers Sean Spicer, Steve Bannon, and Anthony Scaramucci are staying loyal to President Trump as they try to carve out new lucrative or influential roles.

Former Maryland attorney general Doug Gansler does not plan to run for governor in 2018

Washington Post - 1 hour 46 min ago
He had been on a long list of possible candidates for the Democratic nomination.

CBO: Initial report on Graham-Cassidy bill will lack coverage, premium and deficit estimates

Washington Post - 1 hour 46 min ago
The notice angered Democrats, who planned to use the complete figures to hammer the legislation.

Toys 'R' Us files for bankruptcy protection

CNN - 1 hour 56 min ago
The toy retailer has filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in the United States, it said in a statement on Monday. Meanwhile, it said its Canadian subsidiary will "seek protection in parallel proceedings" in the Ontario Superior Court of Justice.

iPhone 8 and 8 Plus Review Roundup: Powerful Devices With Great Cameras Set Stage for iPhone X

MacRumors - 2 hours 8 min ago
iPhone 8 and iPhone 8 Plus reviews are out, providing us with a closer look at two of Apple's latest smartphones ahead of their Friday launch.

iPhone 8 and iPhone 8 Plus via The Verge
The devices represent Apple's first glass-backed iPhones since the iPhone 4s in 2011. Most reviews complimented the glossier design, although there were naturally some concerns about glass being more prone to shattering.

And not everyone was sold on the new look.

The Wall Street Journal's Geoffrey A. Fowler:The glass might remind you of the iPhone 4, one of the most iconic Apple designs. But I’m not sold. The iPhone 7's glossy black finish gives it a contiguous surface, like a pebble smoothed by the ocean. The iPhone 8 shows seams where the glass touches the aluminum band, making it feel a little like a knockoff. And there's no denying it looks dated compared with the curved glass on rival Samsung’s Galaxy S8, which takes the screen all the way to the edge.Apple stressed that the glass on iPhone 8 and iPhone 8 Plus has a strengthening layer that is 50 percent deeper, but we'll have to wait for drop tests to see how the devices hold up from both ordinary and extreme heights.

The switch away from aluminum was necessary to facilitate wireless charging, an overdue feature many Android smartphones have had for years.

Wired senior writer David Pierce:Wireless charging makes the iPhone feel less like a Tamagotchi needing constant feeding, and more like a digital sidekick that’s always ready to go. Pick it up when you need it, put it down when you don’t; whenever you’re not using your phone, it’s charging. Android users have known this feeling for years, but a lot of iPhone users are going to love it now.TechCrunch editor-in-chief Matthew Panzarino focused on the new cameras, which he said are "killer" and the best reason to upgrade this year yet again. He was particularly impressed with Apple's new Portrait Lighting effects, which he described as the marquee feature of the iPhone 8 Plus.The studio and contour options are going to be flooding social networks and phones internet-wide as soon as people get their hands on their iPhone 8 Pluses. The stage lighting takes a bit more effort, but when you nail it and the software is able to do its job by accurately detecting hair and head shapes, it really stuns. It can produce images that feel professional and would take dozens of lights and pieces of equipment to pull off.One of the new Portrait Lighting effects is called Stage Light, which spotlights the subject's face against a deep black background. But, as seen below, the results aren't always perfect.

Original photo on left with Stage Light on right via TechCrunch
CNET photographer James Martin tested the iPhone 8 Plus camera by shooting more than 2,000 photos in San Francisco, and he was thoroughly impressed with everything from detailed textures to low-light performance.With the new sensor, HDR delivered better details in highlights and shadows. HDR is always on, signaling Apple's deeper commitment to computational photography with the iPhone 8 Plus. That's different than the iPhone 7 Plus, which gave you the option to set HDR to auto, off or on.Martin added that even his high-end DSLR can't achieve the kind of exposure he achieved with the iPhone 8 Plus.

Shot on iPhone 8 Plus via James Martin/CNET
In terms of performance, The Verge's Nilay Patel said the A11 Bionic chip's increased processing power "feels like headroom for the future," and not something you immediately notice compared to the iPhone 7 in particular.I didn't notice a huge performance boost over the iPhone 7 while doing basic things like browsing the web, watching videos, and taking photos. I played a few games and everything seemed fast and fluid, of course. Apple sells iPhones for years after they're released — the iPhone 6S is still in the lineup! — so a lot of this extra power just feels like headroom for the future, not something you immediately sense when upgrading from a previous model.Should You Upgrade?
It depends on who you ask.

While most reviews recommend waiting for the iPhone X, particularly if you currently own an iPhone 7 or iPhone 7 Plus, the iPhone 8 and iPhone 8 Plus are still respectable and more affordable updates with faster A11 Bionic chips, True Tone displays, improved cameras, wireless charging, and more.

Daring Fireball's John Gruber said the devices are "excellent year-over-year upgrades" compared to their iPhone 7 counterparts.These are solid year-over-year updates — at least as impressive as the iPhone 7 was over the iPhone 6S. If they hadn’t debuted alongside the iPhone X we’d be arguing about whether these are the most impressive new iPhone models since the iPhone 6.The Verge's Nilay Patel was much less impressed, noting that he "can't think of a single compelling reason to upgrade from an iPhone 7."After spending a week with the 8, I can’t think of a single compelling reason to upgrade from an iPhone 7. The 7 is still extremely fast, offers virtually the same design in a lighter package with a bigger battery, and will get almost every feature of the 8 with iOS 11. If you really want Qi wireless charging, you can get a slim $15 case that supports it. And if you’re dying for Portrait Lighting, there are tons of photo apps in the App Store that offer similar effects. Of course, if you're upgrading from anything older than an iPhone 7, the improvements in the camera and the overall speed of the phone are going to really impress you.Engadget's Chris Velazco:The iPhone X will continue to suck the air out of the room for the foreseeable future, but one thing has become clear after my week of testing: They might not have the X's style, but the 8 and 8 Plus are truly excellent phones that won't let Apple die-hards and new customers down.Business Insider's Steve Kovach:My advice is to ask yourself how much you're willing to pay. If you don't mind giving up some of the futuristic features in the iPhone X, then the iPhone 8 models will give you the same power and performance and most of the same features of iOS 11 for hundreds of dollars less.The Wall Street Journal's Geoffrey A. Fowler:That is what is frustrating about the iPhone 8: In the past, Apple rarely raised prices when it made a better phone with more storage. This time, it releases an incremental update and charges $50 more. It’s the first time the most basic new iPhone costs $700.

The virtues I see in the iPhone 8 are niche: I’m glad you don’t have to spend $1,000 to get an improved camera and processor and even wireless charging, if that matters to you. But Apple’s confusing iPhone family now includes three pairs of practically identical phones: the regular and Plus versions of the iPhone 8, 7 and 6s. Don’t buy the spendiest one.More Reviews: The Loop, iNews, Financial Post, The Independent, The Washington Post, 9to5Mac, Associated Press, and BuzzFeed News

Related Roundup: iPhone 8
Tag: reviews
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Why some people’s bad sleep doesn’t turn into depression

Futurity.org - 2 hours 15 min ago

Poor sleep is both a risk factor for, and a common symptom of, depression. But not everyone who tosses and turns at night becomes depressed. Why?

In a new study, researchers found that college students with poor quality sleep were less likely to have symptoms of depression if they also had higher activity in a reward-sensitive region of the brain.

“This helps us begin to understand why some people are more likely to experience depression when they have problems with sleep,” says Ahmad Hariri, a professor of psychology and neuroscience at Duke University. “This finding may one day help us identify individuals for whom sleep hygiene may be more effective or more important.”

The researchers examined a region deep within the brain called the ventral striatum (VS), which helps us regulate behavior in response to external feedback. The VS helps reinforce behaviors that are rewarded, while reducing behaviors that are not.

Electrical stimulation of the VS has been shown to reduce symptoms of depression in patients who are resistant to other forms of treatment, and earlier studies by Hariri’s team show that people with higher reward-related VS activity are more resilient to stress.

“We’ve shown that reward-related VS activity may act as a buffer against the negative effects of stress on depressive symptoms,” says Reut Avinun, a postdoctoral researcher in Hariri’s group and the lead author of the study. “I was interested in examining whether the same moderating effect would also be seen if we look at sleep disturbances.”

Avinun examined the brain activity of 1,129 college students participating in the study. Each participant completed a series of questionnaires to evaluate sleep quality and depressive symptoms, and also completed an fMRI scan while engaging in a task that activates the VS.

Sleeping late on weekends may harm your health

In the task, students were shown the back of a computer-generated card and asked to guess whether the value of the card was greater than or less than five. After they guessed, they received feedback on whether they were right or wrong. But the game was rigged, so that during different trials the students were either right 80 percent of the time or wrong 80 percent of the time.

To tease out whether general feedback, or specifically reward-related feedback, buffers against depression, the researchers compared VS brain activity during trials when the students were mostly right to those when they were mostly wrong but still received feedback.

They found that those who were less susceptible to the effects of poor sleep showed significantly higher VS activity in response to positive feedback or reward compared to negative feedback.

“Rather than being more or less responsive to the consequences of any actions, we are able to more confidently say it is really the response to positive feedback, to doing something right, that seems to be part of this pattern,” Hariri says.

“It is almost like this reward system gives you a deeper reserve,” Hariri says. “Poor sleep is not good, but you may have other experiences during your life that are positive. And the more responsive you are to those positive experiences, the less vulnerable you may be to the depressive effects of poor sleep.”

Lack of REM sleep linked to higher dementia risk

Duke University and grants from the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship supported this research.

The paper appears in the Journal of Neuroscience.

Source: Duke University

The post Why some people’s bad sleep doesn’t turn into depression appeared first on Futurity.

Hurricane Maria Does ‘Mind Boggling’ Damage to Dominica, Leader Says

NY Times - 2 hours 19 min ago
Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit said the Caribbean island nation had sustained “widespread devastation” from the storm, which is now at Category 5 strength.

Watch Live: World Leaders Speak at U.N. General Assembly

NY Times - 2 hours 27 min ago
World leaders are addressing nuclear weapons, climate change and more at the United Nations General Assembly in New York.

California Today: California Today: What if Legal Pot Costs More Than Black-Market Pot?

NY Times - 2 hours 32 min ago
Tuesday: Looming trouble with black-market marijuana, a raucous news conference for Nancy Pelosi, and the pain of San Diego’s Charger fans.
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